Since 1908   |   A Local Voice for Animals

Palo Alto Humane Society History

  PAHS Brochure

Download Then and Now: A Century of Compassion


Serving the Mid-Peninsula With Acts of Loving Kindness

Founding Palo Alto's Humane Movement In the early 1900s residents of Palo Alto organized to stop the police practice of shooting stray dogs.In 1902 these concerned citizens formed the Palo Alto Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, declaring it “a preface to a great work.”

Early Inspiration

Their efforts reflected the sentiment of Henry Bergh, founder of the American humane movement, some years before: “The blood-red hand of cruelty shall no longer torture dumb beasts with impunity.” Photo notes read: “Sick horse down & man beating it with chain to make it get up. The story of a rented horse & no one cared. Very old, note grey face.Humane officer destroyed the poor animal and brought relief.”


Pioneers and Visionaries

Among the SPCA pioneers and visionaries were honorary members Mrs. Jane Stanford, founder of Stanford University, and the university's first president, Dr. David Starr Jordan. Only two animal welfare organizations in California were known to be older: the San Francisco SPCA (1868) and the East Bay/Oakland SPCA (1874).

Good Works

The SPCA established the first watering troughs in Palo Alto and began preparations for a pound to serve the area. Its humane officer guarded horses, cows, dogs, and other animals against mistreatment and abuse. The organization's history is dotted with such colorful characters as Mrs. B. C. Merriman, who rode the streets in her buggy, brandishing a whip against any driver she saw mistreating a mule or a horse.


The Palo Alto Humane Society is Born

In July 1908, by vote of its members, the SPCA in Palo Alto changed its name to the Palo Alto Humane Society. New honorary members included the mayor of Palo Alto, all the ministers in Palo Alto, Mayfield, Mountain View and Sunnyvale, all the editors in Palo Alto, and the Palo Alto superintendent of schools. For all others, membership dues were $1.

Early Operations

The newly named Palo Alto Humane Society conducted animal rescue throughout the Peninsula. It pursued investigations into cruelty to animals and investigated child cruelty as well. The Palo Alto Humane Society then merged its work with the county humane society for the next fifteen years.

Responding to Needs

In 1924 the Palo Alto Humane Society officially incorporated as a non-profit organization. In response to a new police crackdown on dogs both stray and owned, outraged members created makeshift kennels on the property of Mr. and Mrs. Frank G. Thomas on Middlefield Road to house animals in need. This dog “just got a new home.”

Creating the First Shelter

In 1926, the Palo Alto Humane Society took charge of the city's noisy menagerie of dogs impounded in a corner of the old jail, and the police agreed to thereafter turn over all stray animals to the Society. PAHS built the first, and temporary, city shelter, shown here, and became the guardian of Palo Alto area stray and unwanted animals. The “City Pound” would be renamed “The Animal Shelter.”


Humane Education

The Palo Alto Humane Society emphasized the importance of humane education and in 1925 created its first humane education program with “Band of Mercy” junior groups. PAHS organized and provided education, teachers, films, public events, and a magazine to private and public schools throughout the Peninsula.

Emergency Services

In 1937 the Palo Alto Humane Society built a new facility, near University Avenue, where it sheltered a great variety of animals.The new shelter opened to national fanfare. PAHS operated the Peninsula's first animal ambulance. During the Second World War, the Society helped rescue animals left by interned Japanese Americans and donated to the International Red Star to save pets from the bombing of London.


Saving Animals Across the Peninsula

During the next several decades, the Palo Alto Humane Society rescued animals throughout the Peninsula. Officers covered a territory ranging from Pescadero to Mountain View and helped in the devastating Sacramento River floods of 1940. In 1942, PAHS officers traveled over 21,000 miles “to render assistance to stray, sick, and abandoned animals.”

Rescuing the Abused

The Palo Alto Humane Society partnered with the Hawthorne Happy Home, in Woodside, for abused and retired horses. PAHS created the Worn-Out Horse Fund to help with the rescue of horses who had been cruelly treated or abandoned.


Teaching a Better Way

Humane officers taught the public about animals' needs and ways to improve their treatment and care. Dogs were given relief from the commonplace torment of spending a life in chained isolation.

Dog Chained

“This dog spent 6 years chained to this house in this manner. Humane officers demonstrated a better way on a trolley.”

Service for a Growing Area

During the 1950s and 1960s the Palo Alto Humane Society continued to provide regional animal control and shelter services for the growing Palo Alto and mid-Peninsula area. Its officers rescued, sheltered, and rehabilitated animals from Palo Alto, Sunnyvale, Mountain View and Los Altos, providing outreach and adoption services

An Ethical Stance

PAHS' greatest president Gerald Dalmadge led and won a public campaign in 1961 against Stanford Medical School to protect shelter animals in Palo Alto against Pound Seizure. He eloquently said, “We do not permit the exploitation of animals committed to our care for any reason.”


Photograph of Gerald R. Dalmadge courtesy of Palo Alto Historical Association.

A New and Familiar Direction

In 1972, the Palo Alto Humane Society gave the administration of the shelter to the City of Palo Alto in order to focus on public education about the treatment of animals, combat cruelty, and advocate for the right to wellbeing of animals -- activities that its earliest mission had emphasized. PAHS took on the difficult issue of the treatment of animals in medical research, created free spay/neuter programs as a vital contribution to animal welfare, built advocacy and support programs for homeless cats, pursued legislation, and developed new humane education programs in Palo Alto and area schools.

A Consistent Historical Theme

From its days as a pioneering shelter to today as a non-shelter organization that continues to help and give a voice to animals, the Palo Alto Humane Society has consistently and creatively responded to protect animals and to address specific needs for their well-being throughout the mid-Peninsula.


Organizational Accomplishments

The Palo Alto Humane Society develops, funds, or supports organizations dedicated to meeting specific needs of the animals of the mid-Peninsula. Living legacies of this important history include:

Palo Alto's Animal Shelter
Humane Education Network
Greyhound Welfare Foundation
Greyhound Protection League
Stanford Cat Network
Peninsula Catworks
Palo Alto Humane Education Foundation
Mow Wow Animals

PAHS Today

The Palo Alto Humane Society is no longer an animal shelter, but its mission remains consistent with the intent of the pioneering founders 100 years ago: through education, intervention, and advocacy to create a world where animals can live free of human cruelty and neglect.

  • Face Book Link
  • Twitter Link
  • youTube Link
  • Google Link

Follow PAHS

Sign up for PAHS news

Did You Know?

The average number of kittens in a feline litter is between 4-6, and with 3 litters per year that means one cat can produce 12-18 offspring annually.

The average number of puppies in a canine litter is between 6-10, and with 2 litters per year that means one dog can produce 12-20 offspring annually.

6-8 million cats and dogs enter shelters every year with 3-4 million being euthanized, and the numbers are increasing. It is imperative to fix your pets.

Pigs are clean animals with highly developed smell. These are two reasons why having pigs confined in filthy, odorous factory farms is cruel and unusual.

Animals are being abandoned or surrendered to shelters by their owners. We urge you to make room for one more animal companion.

COCOA MULCH is lethal to dogs and cats. It contains THEOBROMINE and smells like chocolate. Do not purchase and advise your friends.

Guinea pigs have difficulty judging heights, so never leave a pet guinea pig alone in a high place such as on a table. Guinea pigs live about 5-8 years.

Shelters are overwhelmed with animals that have been abandoned or surrendered by their owners. If you need help or advice, contact us.

A horse is healthiest when living naturally. Horse shoes prevent necessary flexing of the hoof which allows blood to flow and optimal functioning to take place.

A cat's hearing is much more sensitive than humans and dogs, and a cat can jump 5 times as high as it is tall.

In 1889, Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche caused a public disturbance in Turin when he attempted to protect a horse from being whipped.

Make room for one more animal companion in your home. Shelters are overwhelmed due to the economic downturn.

Animals are being abandoned or surrendered to shelters by their owners. Shelters are overwhelmed, so please make room for one more.

21% of U.S. households have at least one cat and 95% of all cat owners admit they talk to their cats.

Due to “trends” shelters are overwhelmed with Pit Bulls and Chihuahuas. Urge breeders to stop breeding and pet owners to spay and neuter their pets.

Jane L. Stanford was an honorary member of PAHS.

An adult dog has 42 teeth.

A domesticated pig has approximately 15,000 taste buds, which is more than any other mammal, including humans.

A dog's heart beats between 70 and 120 times a minute, compared with a human heart which beats 70 to 80 times a minute.

Chihuahuas are born with a 'molera', or 'soft spot' like a human baby, which usually closes as they mature.

The average lifespan of a Quarter Horse is between 25 - 30 years. The oldest recorded horse was from England, "Old Billy", and lived until the age of 62.

Pigs are very intelligent animals, often regarded by scientists as being the most intelligent of livestock.

A hot car is no place for a pet. Leaving a dog or cat in a parked car during the warmer months can cause serious injury or death within minutes.

Temperatures inside a car can reach 120° in a matter of minutes, even with the windows partially open. Shade and having water will do little to help.

The safest place for your companion is in the coolest part of the house with plenty of fresh water to drink.

If you see a companion animal inside a parked car during hot weather, and they appear in distress, call animal control or the police immediately.

Signs of distress include: Heavy panting, glazed eyes, unsteadiness, listlessness, vomiting and a over-red or purple tongue.

Don't force your companion animal to exercise after a meal in hot, humid weather. Do it in the cool of the early morning or evening.

If you and your dog go to the beach, be sure you can find shade and plenty of fresh water. Rinse her off after she has been in salt water.

With only hot air to breathe, a dog's process of cooling through panting fails. A body temperature of 107 degrees may cause brain damage or death.

If a dog is overheated, provide emergency first aid by applying TEPID water all over the body, and then gradually applying cooler water. Seek veterinary care.

A dog's paws can be burnt by hot pavement. Do not make them stand on hot pavement for long periods and keep walks on hot asphalt to a minimum.

Be sensitive to old and overweight animals, and those with heart or lung diseases. They should be kept indoors in air conditioning and out of hot weather.

Snub-nosed dogs (like Pekingese, Bull dogs, Boston terriers, Lhasa apsos, Shih tzus, and Pugs) should be kept indoors in air conditioning and out of hot weather.

A blog by Carole Hyde, Director
of the Palo Alto Humane Society

»» Coming Soon

For Lost Pets or Animal Emergencies

Palo Alto Humane Society is not an animal shelter.

Palo Alto Animal Services serves as the shelter and animal control agency for Palo Alto, Los Altos, and Los Altos Hills, and can be reached at (650) 496-5971. Their 24-hour hotline is (650) 329-2413.

East Palo Alto residents should contact Peninsula Humane Society at (650) 340-7022

Mountain View residents should contact Silicon Valley Animal Control Authority at (408) 764-0344.

Wildlife issues should be directed to Peninsula Humane Society at (650) 340-7022 or Palo Alto Animal Services at (650-496-5971).

Help Save Our Local Honeybees! Bee Swarm Removal (free)


The bees that are removed are not killed. After an established colony is removed (from walls, roofs, trees, etc.), it is adopted out to a beginner beekeeper who is a member of the San Mateo County Bee Guild to or another community resident who will care for that colony.


Contact Landhaus H Apiary
(415) 728-5814